Simulation is a multifaceted discipline and a key enabling technology for hundreds of application areas. Simulation is used to gain experience in several types of training (e.g., live, virtual, or constructive simulations). For tasks other than training (e.g., prediction of behavior or performance; evaluation of alternative models, parameters, experimental conditions, or policies; testing of hypothesis; planning; engineering design, virtual prototyping; or understanding) simulation is used to perform experiments. For this major type of use, simulation is goal-directed experimentation with dynamic models.
The dictionary is organized in three parts.
English terms provide a systematic inventory of the M&S concepts. They are also used to collect together relevant concepts. For example, after the term “variable” about 100 terms related with variables, mostly denoting types of variables are listed. Similarly, the terms data, error, model, simulation –to name a few– are followed by terms representing several types of them. It is also expected that English terms will be useful for the Modeling and Simulation Body of Knowledge.
The French-English M&S terms constitute the first such dictionary. My colleagues who contributed to its realization and I hope it will be useful to many francophone simulationists. Having been honored to be the plenary speaker in one of the early French simulation conferences (MOSIM, June 1997, in Rouen, France –sponsored by AFCET, FRANCOSIM, SCS), where I presented “Intelligence artificielle et simulation,” I am glad, this time, to be in a position to contribute to the French language in a more fundamental way.
This dictionary could not have been prepared and published without the dedicated contribution of many colleagues that constituted the French Team, i.e., Drs. Lucile Torres, Frédéric Amblard, Raphaël Duboz, David Hill, Jean Caussanel, Aziz Naamane, Erwan Tranvouez, Jean-Pierre Belaud, Olivier Dalle, Alain Ferrarini, Claudia Frydman, and Pierre Siron. Two Ph.D. students, El-Amine Maâmar Hamri and Gregory Zacharewicz were also very helpful in the final stage of the preparation of the dictionary. I also acknowledge the contributions of the institutions of the members of the French Team, i.e., CERT-ONERA, INRIA, IRD, IRIT, LGC, LIMOS, LSIS, and VERSIM. The financial supports of the CNRS and LSIS, for the publication of the dictionary, are gratefully acknowledged.
Professors Norbert Giambiasi and Claudia Frydman, both from LSIS have been very supportive when we discussed the possibility of cooperation on this project on September 2004. Since November 2004, I corresponded with Dr. Lucile Torres who coordinated the activities of the French Team. Dr. Jean Caussanel graciously prepared the many Visual Basic macros to process the dictionary files.
We have the following plan for the next edition of the dictionary:
• English terms will be revised to assure completeness and relevancy to M&S.
• French and Turkish terms will be revised for any possible error and French and Turkish terms will be added for the new English terms. We hope that the French terms will also be useful in expanding the dictionary with other Roman languages, such as Spanish and Italian that we aim to work on.
Last but not least, I would like to acknowledge that this dictionary is a product of the cooperation made possible within The McLeod Modeling and Simulation Network (M&SNet) of the SCS. The French section of the current version is realized with the cooperation of fourteen individual members of LSIS and VERSIM –two member organizations of the M&SNet. For the preparation of the Spanish and Italian sections of the future version, the Directors of the Spanish and Italian member organizations of the M&SNet, namely, Modeling & Simulation of Dynamic Systems (CEA-IFAC Spanish Thematic Group) and the McLeod Institute of Simulation Sciences (MISS) already promised to join forces for this multicultural project. For the above activities, additional teams of knowledgeable and willing colleagues will be established.
Any suggestion/recommendation to improve the future version of the M&S dictionary will be greatly appreciated.
Tuncer Ören, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus
University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Director, The McLeod Modeling and Simulation Network (M&SNet) of the SCS
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, February 2006
Le groupe de travail VERSIM, créé dans le cadre du GDR I3 du CNRS, a pour principal objet de favoriser les liens, les échanges et la naissance de projets entre les différentes communautés françaises développant des activités dans le monde de la modélisation-simulation. La constitution de ce groupe peut paraître hétérogčne, mais elle illustre parfaitement la situation ainsi que la richesse des recherches et des applications de la simulation en France.
Le professeur T. Ören avec qui nous collaborons dans le cadre de la SCS (The Society for Modeling & Simulation International) et du MSNet, nous a proposé, lors de l’une de ses visites au LSIS, l’idée d’un dictionnaire Anglais-Français centré sur la terminologie de la modélisation-simulation. Le groupe VERSIM semblait tout indiqué pour participer ŕ la réalisation de ce dictionnaire. Je tiens ŕ remercier tous les membres de groupe et ceux du LSIS qui, ŕ des degrés divers, ont permis ŕ cette premičre version de voir rapidement le jour, sans oublier, évidemment, T. Ören sans qui ce dictionnaire n’existerait pas.
J’espčre que ce premier ouvrage sera utile ŕ la communauté francophone, il l’a déjŕ été pour le groupe VERSIM en créant une réelle collaboration entre chercheurs de communautés différentes.
Norbert Giambiasi, Ph.D.
Director of LSIS
Bilişim çağının önemli bir bilim dalı ve teknolojisi olan benzetim yüzlerce uygulama alanına altyapı sağlamaktadır.
“Benzetimin Temel Kavramlari için Türkçe Terimler Önerisi” adlı bir yazı, 1985’te, Tuncer Ören, Atilla Elçi ve Aydın Köksal imzasıyla TBD’nin Bilişim Dergisinde yayımlanmıştı.
Türkiye’de de önemli uygulamalarda kullanılan benzetim alanında profesyonellerin ve gençlerin terim gereksinimlerini karşılamak amacıyla, bu sözlüğün yararlı olmasını dilerim.
Bu sözlük çok uzun zamandan beri hazırlanmaktaydı. Tutarlılık ve doğruluk konusunda çok özen gösterildi. Gene de gözden kaçmış hataları bildirmek lütfunda bulunursanız, sözlüğün bir sonraki sürümünün daha iyi olmasına katkıda bulunmuş olursunuz.
Tuncer Ören, Ph.D., Emeritüs Profesör
Ottawa Üniversitesi, Ottawa, Ontario, Kanada
Ottawa, Kanada, Şubat 2006